The researcher carried out a literature review for this dissertation. The databases consulted were Proquest Health & Medical Complete. The terminology ‘Literature’ is a gathering of academic, scholarly writings which are non-restricted to scientific articles, books, dissertations, and conference proceedings. Literature reviews formulate an incessant evolving network of scholarly works that are interrelated. A proper literature review is developed and elongated on already coexisting earlier research and studies on related topics. The description of a literature review constitutes six conceptions which are: List, knowledge enhancer, search, survey, a report, and a guideline.
Based on the nature of the set research aim, this study is Argumentative since it involves critically reviewing the literature in order to support or disagree with its findings the causes of burnout of nurses in England.
It is essential to note that the data collected and the research papers used are to the topic and the aim of the study. Through the latest library guide page, the study used the following to search research article: Cinahl (EBSCO), Academic Search Elite (EBSCO), The Cochrane Library, Nursing Collection 1 (OVID), PubMed, Sage and Science Direct. The initial step entailed searching for the article through the entire databases using various keywords ‘nurses,’ ‘burnout,’ England,’ and ‘patients care.’ Science Direct, EBSCO, and PubMed generated the most detailed and relevant results based on the keywords. The above keyword generated a total of 9567 findings.
The author also compiled data from secondary databases including PubMed, CINAHL, SciELO (Scientific Electronic Library Online), Scopus, LILACS, Science Direct (Elsevier), and the Proquest Platform (Proquest Health & Medical Complete). Other sources used were journals and periodicals among other authentic sources. Therefore, the conclusions made in this study are regarding the impacts of burnout amongst nurses and how it affects the quality of care based on the reviews of past data on how other authors have written about the impacts of burnout as well as personal reasoning or rational deduction of the researcher.
The study used the following inclusion criteria: the study was a primary study published in an internationally recognized journal with an editorial board and peer review. Also, included primary quantitative studies that used the Maslach Burnout Inventory for burnout assessment in primary care nurses. The study included only after 2012.
The study excluded studies of non-working populations like trained nurses that did not enter into the profession after their studies. This decision was important as these nurses would not provide accurate experiences compared to the working population. However, the study included other findings published in England including editorials, letters to editors, commentaries, trials, literature reviews, abstracts, qualitative studies, studies that reported only a cross-sectional analysis, studies that reported instrument validation or research method, and follow-up studies with a comparison group or treated had burnout as a dependent variable. The final sample for the study was n=21 studies.
Before the writing of the thesis, the author derived the principles of good scientific practices through a detailed study of scientific research guidelines. Important element noted include acknowledgment of research used, fabrication of data, and ethical carelessness (Pliva et al. 2014). The importance of using Arcada library to access educational websites such as Science Direct and EBSCO to avoid illegal retrieval and use of data was also noted. The materials selected for the literature review did not require to be critically examined and analyzed with the aim of hiding sensitive personal information of the participants since this was a secondary research. Also, the study considered the guidelines of the Belmont report using human beings in research. The report gives three ethical principles of research that used people as the subject of the study. These principles are respect, justice, and beneficence. Other critical ethical practices used were the importance of avoiding plagiarism.
This chapter details out a systematic review how different primary studies and secondary data sources were used to assess, impacts of burnout on the quality of care including a detailed description of various steps followed by the researcher.